High blood pressure or Hypertension has often been referred to as the silent killer. Without proper medical check-ups a person can have blood pressure without knowing it, and this can result in heart attacks, heart disease, stroke and many other conditions. In recent years the number of people with high blood pressure has vastly increased and it is now believed that 1 in every 3 Americans suffer from this condition.
Types and Causes Of High Blood Pressure
There are generally two types of hypertension. Primary and secondary. Secondary hypertension is caused by a malfunction in a specific system or organ in the body and only accounts for 5% of the cases of high blood pressure. Primary hypertension is related to a number or variety of different things such as genetics, salt or sodium consumption, overweight, etc. In some cases the exact causes of primary hypertension are not always known.
Signs And Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure
In many people there are simply no signs or symptoms that they have high blood pressure or that there is anything wrong until their body has suffered major damage such as stroke, heart attack, or kidney disease, which is the reason that hypertension has earned the reputation of being the silent killer.
High blood pressure is easily diagnosed simply by having regular doctor check ups and having your blood pressure monitored. However, many people simply can’t afford rising medical costs, which places them in real danger from undiagnosed high blood pressure.
Other people do experience some symptoms of high blood pressure including dizziness, headaches, blurred vision, and shortness of breath. These symptoms are actually often helpful as they do encourage people to seek early medical treatment where high blood pressure can be diagnosed and treated.
Preventing and Controlling High Blood Pressure
The best way to control high blood pressure is to do what you can to prevent it in the first place. While you may not be able to reduce a genetic disposition to this condition, there are things you can do to help reduce the risks of this condition or to lower that blood pressure if it is too high. Here are a few things you can do to prevent or reduce your risk and even help to control this condition.
Watch Your Sodium/Salt Intake
Maintain a Healthy Weight
You can also reduce your high blood pressure or at least reduce your risk of getting high blood pressure by maintaining a healthy weight. You can do this by:
Find A Way To Deal With Stress
Most people have some stress from time to time, but many people live highly stressful lives. Prolonged stress can lead to chronic high blood pressure so finding ways to keep those stress levels low and to reduce stress can help you maintain a healthy blood pressure.
Monitor Your Blood Pressure Levels
You need to have your blood pressure level monitored. If you are within normal weight, get plenty of exercise, and watch your salt, checking your blood pressure once or twice a month can help to ensure that your blood pressure is within normal limits. If you do have high blood pressure frequent screening can alert you early enough to get it under control before it can cause serious damage.